Learn about the 11 most popular types of coffee in Vietnam today and how to distinguish pure coffee from coffee with additives. Discover the proper coffee-to-water ratio for a delicious taste that suits everyone’s preferences. Coffee is a beloved beverage in Vietnam, and with a wide variety of coffee types available, each with its own unique taste, it’s important to familiarize yourself with the options. Let Bach Hoa Xanh be your guide!
First, let’s explore the types of coffee grown in Vietnam.
Arabica coffee, also known as tea coffee, is grown in Lam Dong at altitudes above 800 meters, with the best flavor coming from elevations between 1300 to 1500 meters. Vietnamese Arabica coffee consists of two main types: Catimor and Moka. Moka coffee has a light aroma and taste, while Catimor coffee features a passionate aroma and mild sour taste. Popular Arabica coffee brands in Vietnam include Me Trang, Trung Nguyen, and The JUN. You can find Arabica coffee at Bach Hoa Xanh.
Vietnamese Robusta Coffee:
Robusta coffee, also known as Voi coffee, is predominantly grown in the Central Highlands of Vietnam, particularly in Gia Lai and Dak Lak, on basalt soil at altitudes below 600 meters. Robusta coffee beans are small and dry directly without fermentation, resulting in a bitter taste, high caffeine content, and brown, dense water. Famous Robusta coffee brands in Vietnam include Me Trang, H’ren, and TNI King Coffee. Find Robusta coffee at Bach Hoa Xanh.
Culi coffee, known for its large and glossy seeds compared to other coffee types, contains only one seed per fruit. Culi coffee has a bitter taste, seductive aroma, high caffeine content, and black water. You can easily purchase 250g Lion Culi coffee at Bach Khoa GREEN, and it is guaranteed to be genuine. Other Culi coffee brands available on the market include Moc, Rita Vo cafe, Bui Van Ngo coffee in Da Lat, and Lion. Discover Culi coffee at Phunudaily.
Also known as jackfruit coffee, cherry coffee is grown in the Central Highlands of Vietnam and is resistant to pests and diseases, resulting in high yields. Cherry coffee consists of two main types: Liberica and Exelsa. The coffee beans are yellow, shiny, and emit a faint aroma when mixed, with a slight sour taste that creates a pleasant relaxing vibe.
Moka coffee is one of the most challenging coffee types to grow in Vietnam due to its vulnerability to pests and diseases, requiring meticulous care. Moka coffee is typically grown in Da Lat, Lam Dong. This coffee is considered rare and high-priced compared to other types. Notable Moka coffee brands include Goc coffee, Highlands, and Zara bean coffee.
Espresso, also known as creamy coffee, is made using hot water compressed under high pressure through finely ground coffee powder. It has a rich flavor, brown foam on top, and is very bitter, dense, and high in caffeine. Espresso is available from famous coffee brands that offer instant coffee or espresso-flavored filter coffee, such as NesCafé, TNI King Coffee, and more. Explore Espresso options at Bach Hoa Xanh.
Cappuccino, consisting of espresso, hot milk, and milk foam, is a familiar coffee variety for Vietnamese people. You can find Capuchino-flavored coffee from brands like G7, TNI King Coffee, and Nescafe. Check out Cappuccino coffee at Bach Hoa Xanh.
Macchiato, meaning speckled in Italian, features coffee with a few streaks of milk on the surface, creating eye-catching ripples. Nescafe currently offers Macchiato in the market as a soluble form. Discover Macchiato coffee at Bach Hoa Xanh.
Latte, meaning milk coffee in Italian, is often mistaken for Cappuccino due to both having three layers of espresso, hot milk, and milk foam. However, Latte contains half the amount of milk foam compared to hot milk. Latte options are available in the market in soluble form from brands like Lion, NesCafé, and more. Find Latte coffee at Bach Hoa Xanh.
Mocha coffee combines the gentle aroma of coffee with the creamy taste of cream and chocolate. Unlike Cappuccino or Latte, Mocha coffee offers a rich, aromatic flavor of fresh cream and a sweet taste of hot chocolate.
Americano coffee is made by diluting Espresso with twice the amount of water while retaining the taste of Espresso and reducing the harmful effects of caffeine. Americano coffee is available in compressed form from brands like TNI King Coffee and NesCafé.
Now let’s learn how to identify pure coffee and coffee with additives or fillers like corn.
Coffee Powder Test:
Pure coffee beans have a dull shine and do not feel sticky when gently rubbed between your hands. However, poorly preserved pure coffee powder may still stick to your hands and gather dust. Pure coffee lacks the butter and caramel aroma found in mixed coffee. Depending on the type, pure coffee can vary in color, ranging from dark brown to light brown. Pure coffee has a spongy texture and feels lighter compared to other coffees of the same weight.
Pure coffee blooms when exposed to warm water and soaks in water for a longer duration. On the other hand, coffee mixed with impurities has a lower expansion rate, absorbs water quickly, and the coffee powder sinks to the bottom of the cup.
Pure coffee has a deep red-brown color, a lingering aroma, and a bitter taste with a mild sourness. In contrast, coffee mixed with impurities has a dark brown color, viscous water, and a strong scent when freshly brewed. However, this scent rapidly diminishes after 2-3 minutes, resulting in a bitter taste without any aftertaste.
Finally, let’s delve into how to mix and blend coffee for a delicious taste that caters to various preferences. Here are some recipes for different taste preferences:
For those who prefer strong coffee, use less sugar and milk. For a balanced flavor, try the following ratio:
– 60% Robusta coffee: Represents strength, clarity in thinking, energy in work, and decision-making.
– 30% Arabica coffee: Offers a sour taste mixed with mild bitterness, along with an ecstatic and elegant aroma.
– 10% Cocoa: Enhances the rich aroma that complements the sour and bitter taste of coffee.
For women or those who enjoy a lighter taste:
– 50% Arabica coffee
– 20-30% Robusta coffee
– 10-20% cherries
– 10% Cocoa
For a more intense and alluring taste blend:
– 50% Robusta coffee
– 40% Cherry coffee
– 10% Cocoa
For young people and a refreshing drink:
– 30% Robusta coffee
– … (content truncated)