Diarrhea is a common illness in infants. It depletes the baby of electrolytes and can be fatal. Because of this danger, parents need to master the knowledge about diarrhea in babies to avoid the worst.
According to many studies, diarrhea is one of the leading causes of death in children. Every year around the world, 3-5 million children die from diarrhea. Diarrhea is a condition in which a child has 3 or more loose stools in a day. Diarrhea causes malnutrition and infection, depletes electrolytes and can lead to death. The following article will provide some information about diarrhea in infants, please refer to it to protect your children.
firstCauses of diarrhea in children
There are many causes of diarrhea in babies, however, some of the main causes are as follows:
Viral infection: Viruses are the most common cause of diarrhea in infants. Some common viruses include rotavirus, bacteria like salmonella, and even giardia (rare than other viruses).
Food poisoning: Because the digestive system is still weak and not fully developed, babies can only absorb and digest some foods. However, because of carelessness, parents can let their baby use foods that are difficult to digest or have expired, and this will lead to diarrhea.
Other causes: It can be followed by irritable bowel disease, food allergies, etc.
2Signs of infant diarrhea
Children are dehydrated
Symptoms vary depending on the degree of dehydration:
Mild dehydration: The baby’s eyes are dry, when crying, there are few or no tears. Urinating less than usual, dry mouth and irritability
Moderately dehydrated: Sunken eyes appear. The child is lethargic or lethargic, the skin is dry or less elastic.
Severe dehydration: This is the most dangerous stage, children will appear sunken fontanelle (the fontanel is a small, soft area on the top of the child’s head). The child does not urinate (within 6 hours) and the skin loses its elasticity. In particular, the child is very lethargic, lying down and may be unconscious or comatose.
Children are tired and anorexic
Children with diarrhea often tired, anorexia, lying down. The child has frequent bowel movements, loose, yellow or green stools, which may be accompanied by sputum, blood, or undigested food (raw stools).
Child has vomiting and fever
In the early stages, children will vomit a lot, may have a slight fever but usually no fever. In the later stages, the child will have massive loose stools that can be up to 10 liters/day, accompanied by vomiting and high fever continuously.
3What to do when a child has diarrhea?
Replenish water and electrolytes
Parents can use rehydration solutions such as:
Change your diet
Continue to breastfeed if the baby is nursing.
After rehydration, the child can eat the same diet as before diarrhea. However, vegetables, soft drinks and orange juice should be limited.
Food needs to be cooked thoroughly, pureed, divided into several times a day.
If the child has a fever, the fever must be reduced. In some cases, children may need to use antibiotics, but must be prescribed by a doctor.
Register at the hospital
If the child has diarrhea for more than 3 days, has signs of cholera, is vomiting a lot and has a high fever continuously above 38.5 degrees, it is necessary to quickly take the child to the nearest medical facility.
Children with diarrhea, if not treated in time, can easily lead to many dangerous complications. See now 20 safe and effective home remedies for diarrhea in babies.
4How to prevent diarrhea in babies
With babies, you must rotavirus vaccination to prevent rotavirus in children.
Breastfeeding until 18-24 months old and add solid foods from 4-5 months old.
Use clean water in daily life. Wash your hands before eating and after going to the toilet for baby.
For baby Eat cooked, drink boiled, do not eat raw vegetables, do not drink water and undercooked foods.
Use the toilet and Safe handling of small children’s feces.
Note: For families with acute diarrhea, it is necessary to sprinkle lime powder or Chloramin B after each bowel movement. Do not dump waste, washing water, washing water and utensils of children with diarrhea into ponds, lakes, rivers, wells and do not litter indiscriminately.
Diarrhea is a common disease and quite common in young children, however, if you are subjective and do not know how to prevent and handle it, your baby will be in danger. Hope the above article has helped you to have more knowledge about diarrhea in babies. Please refer and apply in emergency cases.!
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