Sprouts contain many nutrients and fiber needed by the body. There are many types of seeds that can be grown with sprouts, but you need to know what kind of sprouts should be planted and how to grow sprouts to ensure the health of the whole family. Check out how to do it below!
Sprouts are newly sprouted young plants that live without soil. In most cases, natural seeds have enough nutrients to germinate and produce two small cotyledons before needing light and soil to grow. Sprouts are very succulent, soft and are used as a whole plant, including the clean leaves, stems and roots. Sprouts are also a great choice for sandwiches and salads. Especially sprouts can be grown at our home from extremely easy-to-find materials. Let’s grow nutritious pots of sprouts with Bach Hoa Xanh!
Should choose specialized seeds to grow sprouts with clear origin. Absolutely do not buy common vegetable seeds or unknown origin because these seeds often contain preservatives. You can grow sprouts with seeds such as: white radish, sweet cabbage, broccoli, water spinach, amaranth…
Through many scientific tests, the substrate from treated coir dust is the best due to its superior properties.
The amount used is very small for each planting and can be reused many times.
If using foam tray (40cm x 50cm x 7cm) as the norm, 2kg of substrate and 30-40g of seeds are enough.
People often use coir to grow sprouts because it contains full of nutrients and it’s light, so it’s easy to transport and use.
– Tray: A variety of materials can be used. But the most convenient and easy to use is the foam tray.
– Lining paper: Use soft paper to line the surface of the substrate before sowing so that after harvesting it does not stick the substrate to the vegetables. You can use soft paper or paper purchased at the code store.
– Cardboard or tray cover: Cover is used to cover the surface of the tray in the first 1-2 days of sowing.
– Watering can: Must use a watering can with a misting nozzle for watering.
2How to grow sprouts at home
Step 1: Soak the seeds
Only take about 2-3 small spoons of seeds because then the sprouts will grow and take up enough space in your pot and growing tray. Soak seeds so that after soaking we can remove flat seeds and deep seeds. Then take it out to dry. The purpose of seed drying is to facilitate sowing. Seeds are washed and soaked in warm water (45-500C) for 2-5 hours (depending on the type of seed: thick seed soaked for a long time, thin seed soaked in less time).
For leafy vegetables:
– Green cabbage, amaranth, lettuce: soak for about 3-5 hours, incubate for about 8-12 hours
– Spinach, water spinach: soak for about 3-5 hours, incubate for about 12 – 36 hours
For the spices:
Marjoram, perilla: soak for about 3-8 hours, incubate for about 12-14 hours
– Celery, chives, onions, cilantro: soak for about 8-12 hours, incubate for about 12-24 hours
For fruit vegetables:
– Melon, squash, gourd, eggplant, tomato, cucumber: soak for about 5-8 hours, incubate for about 12-14 hours
– Okra: soak for about 8-12 hours, brew for about 12-14 hours
– Dragon beans, bitter melon: soak for about 12-14 hours, incubate for about 24-48 hours
Step 2: Make the substrate
The foam tray for the substrate is about 2-3cm thick. Make the surface even to avoid seeding when sowing. Then spray water to wet the substrate. Spread absorbent paper on the surface of the growing medium and spray water a second time. The purpose of spreading the blotting paper is to prevent the substrate from sticking to the plant causing dirt when harvested.
Step 3: Sowing seeds
Sow the seeds by hand evenly onto the surface of the substrate. Sowing density depends on the type of seed, but averages about 10g of seeds/40cm2 of substrate surface. Spray lightly again. Cover the surface of the tray with a sheet of cardboard for 2 days. 2 days after sowing open the cardboard, water lightly mist just enough to wet the surface of the tray.
Step 4: Take care of the tree
After 2-3 days, the seeds germinate evenly, transfer the tray to a place with lots of light or light. Note, especially avoid direct light and direct rain. Watering every day with a sprayer, twice a day in the early morning and in the afternoon, mist evenly on the surface of the tray. Note, 1 day before harvest, reduce watering or stop watering completely depending on the moisture level of the substrate.
Step 5: Harvest
Use a sharp knife to cut close to the root of the sprout (or pull the vegetable out of the ground, cut off the roots with scissors). Rinse with clean water and use immediately.
Note: If the vegetables are not used immediately, they should not be washed, but put in a bag and stored in the refrigerator. Can be stored in the refrigerator for 3-5 days.
Attention: Some vegetables and tubers when sprouting will produce toxins harmful to human health, causing cancer or even poisoning. Therefore, for the following types of sprouts, you absolutely should not plant: Cassava, sword beans, cat beans, bird’s egg beans, chickpeas, melons, sweet melons, potatoes, bamboo shoots.
Growing sprouts at home is a trend of many households in urban as well as rural areas today due to the very high content of micronutrients plus the anti-cancer ability of sprouts. Not only that, sprouts are also very easy to grow due to the short harvest time and high profits, so this is a favorite vegetable on the dining table of many Vietnamese families. Good luck!
See more great articles in the category Life tips.
Come to Bach Hoa Xanh to choose fresh, clean and safe vegetables.